Eschenberg Observatory, Switzerland
With a budget of only 65.0000 CHF, but with more than 2,000 working hours put in by volunteers, the Astronomische Gesellschaft Winterthur established the Eschenberg Observatory in 1979. Initially its facilities were very spartan, but the observatory has evolved into an established regional cultural and educational institution—and also into a well-known observing station for near-earth asteroids and comets.
Description Image Gallery
Located in a remote forest glade in a large woodland directly south of Winterthur, Switzerland
Latitude 08° 44’ 34.1" east, longitude 47º 28’ 28.9" north, 542m above sea level.
General descriptionThe Eschenberg Observatory near Winterthur, Switzerland was established in 1979 by the Astronomical Society Winterthur. Its primary focus was the dissemination of astronomical knowledge to the general public, as well as professional astronomical photography. Since then, the small observatory has earned a strong (and internationally recognised) reputation as an institution for communicating astronomy to the public, for its research on minor planets, and for digital astronomical photography.
The location of the observatory, in a large forest glade on the southern slope of the Eschenberg hill, means that it is shielded to a considerable extent against light pollution from the city of Winterthur to the north. while to the east, south and west, there has been only a small population within a radius of about 10 km (but see “Main threats or potential threats” below for recent developments). This has allowed the observatory to enjoy a rather well preserved dark sky, while still being relatively accessible to the general public from the Winterthur area.
Over the observatory’s years of operation, the equipment has been continually upgraded and replaced, resulting in a state-of-the-art infrastructure.
The Heuberger astrographThe Heuberger Astrograph is mainly used to observe near-earth asteroids. The observatory has provided over 22,000 high-precision position measurements to the Minor Planet Center in the USA. The mounting on the western observation platform hosts a number of instruments: an RC telescope with 400mm/f8 mirror; a 105mm/f7 refractor; and the 203mm TMB refractor with a focal length of 1400mm. This instrument has an especially strong magnification, therefore impressing visitors with its brilliant images of the night sky. It hosts a three-part apochromatic lens of the highest quality, built in St. Petersburg, Russia.
Older instruments, not currently in use
The Friedrich Meier telescope and the TMB refractorThe 402mm “Friedrich-Meier” telescope, a so-called Hypergraph (Cassegrain with double-lens corrector) is the main instrument of the observatory. With a focal length of 2,360 mm and an aperture ratio of f/5.9 this instrument is very fit for purpose. It is also mounted together with a second instrument, a 105mm refractor with an apochromatic lens and 700mm focal length. In combination with the available electronic cameras (since 2005 there has been an “Apogee” U47 with a newly designed Marconi processor and USB connector) this instrument can collect light from objects as faint as mag. 20.0.
Since April 1979 the observatory has provided astronomical education and guided evening sky observations for the general public. As of 2018, the visitor count is approaching 100,000.
The voluntary team (currently five people) offers free tours once a week on Wednesday evenings, and has done so since 1979. Private (paid) tours are also possible for groups. The researchers use the observatory to monitor asteroids and minor planets.
With IAU station code 151, the observatory has been providing high-precision location data for newly discovered or unconventional minor planets to the IAU Minor Planet Center since 1998. With more than 21,000 datasets communicated to the MCP, the observatory leads this effort in Switzerland. So far, ten discoveries of minor planets are officially attributed to the observatory, one of these actually being named after the observatory.
State of conservation
The team not only provides the guided tours, but also maintains the instruments, the building and the surrounding garden.
Main threats or potential threats
- In 2018, a major apartment complex hosting 144 individual apartments together with industrial real estate was built only 1.5 km south-east of the observatory. This project, in a village of currently about 1400 inhabitants, could influence the quality of the dark night sky for the observatory. The consequences are being closely monitored by the team.
- Financial support for the ongoing operations is getting more and more difficult to secure.
As a private property owned by the Astronomical Society Winterthur, the observatory receives a modest annual financial contribution from the City of Winterthur, and relies upon private and corporate donations for major renovation projects.
Links to external sites
Links to external on-line pictures
Bibliography (books and published articles)
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About the author(s)
Rüdiger Schultz lives in Vienna (Austria)
Contributions by Markus Griesser